These quadrilateral naval drills are a result of increasing Chinese aggression
The 24th edition of the MALABAR naval exercise is scheduled in two phases in November, 2020 with a new participant. The MALABAR series of maritime exercises commenced in 1992 as a bilateral Indian Navy (IN)- United States Navy (USN) exercise. Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) joined MALABAR in 2015. The 2020 edition will witness participation of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) in this joint maritime exercise.
Phase 1 of MALABAR 20 involving all the four participants will commence off Visakhapatnam in Bay of Bengal from 3 to 6 November. Phase 2 of MALABAR 20 is scheduled to be conducted in the Arabian Sea in mid-November.
Phase-1 of MALABAR 20 will witness participation of Indian Navy units with United States Ship (USS) John S McCain (Guided-missile destroyer), Her Majesty’s Australian Ship (HMAS) Ballarat (long range frigates) with integral MH-60 helicopter, and Japan Maritime Self Defence Ship (JMSDF) Onami (Destroyer) with integral SH-60 helicopter.
The Indian Navy participation in Phase 1 will be led by Rear Admiral Sanjay Vatsayan, Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet. Indian Navy units participating in the exercise include destroyer Ranvijay, frigate Shivalik, Off Shore Patrol Vessel Sukanya, Fleet Support Ship Shakti and submarine Sindhuraj. In addition, Advanced Jet Trainer Hawk, long-range maritime patrol aircraft P-8I, Dornier maritime patrol aircraft, and helicopters will also be participating in the exercise.
A statement from the Navy said the exercise, will be conducted as a ‘non-contact, at sea only’ exercise in view of the COVID-19 pandemic. It will showcase the high-levels of synergy and coordination between the friendly navies, which is based on their shared values and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific and a rules-based international order. MALABAR 20 Phase 1 would witness complex and advanced naval exercises including surface, anti-submarine and anti-air warfare operations, cross deck flying, seamanship evolutions and weapon firing exercises.