Kashmir Timeline

8 December 1989:
First major militancy-related incident in Kashmir. Rubaiya Sayeed, the daughter of then Union home minister, Mufti Mohammad Sayeed is abducted by JKLF militants in Srinagar. They demand release of their jailed colleagues. On December 13, Rubaiya is released in exchange of five JKLF militants.

20 January 1990:
At least 20 persons are killed in the firing on protestors at Gawa-Kadal in the heart of Srinagar, triggering massive demonstrations and marches towards the United Nations Military observers Group in Srinagar.

13 February 1998:
Lassa Koul, director, Door Darshan is killed in Srinagar.

28 February 1990:
Soldiers fire on marchers at Zakoora and Tengpora in Srinagar.

2 March 1990:
Soldiers again open fire on peaceful marches in Srinagar, killing over two dozen civilians.

6 April 1990:
H.L. Khera, general manager of Hindustan Machine Tools, and Mushir-ul-Haq, Vice-Chancellor of Kashmir University are abducted in Srinagar and killed by their abductors four days later.

21 May 1990:
Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq, Imam of historic Jamia Masjid and a noted religious and political leader of Kashmir is assassinated by militants.

July 1990:
Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act passed.

27 February 1991:
Nahida Imtiaz, daughter of Saifuddin Soz, then a senior NC leader is abducted by militants. She is set free on April 8 in exchange for a militant.

31 March 1991:
Two Swedish engineers employed with Uri Hydel Project are abducted by militants.

11 June 1991:
At least 32 persons are killed in CRPF firing on marchers at Chota-Bazar in downtown Srinagar.

28 June 1991:
K. Doraiswamy, a senior executive with the Indian Oil Corporation is abducted and released on August 20, in exchange of four militants.

6 January 1993:
Massacre in Sopore. At least 55 civilians are killed.

10 April 1993:
After a gunfight between militants and soldiers, the Lal Chowk is burnt.

15 October 1993:
Hazratbal mosque is besieged by militants and surrounded by security forces, triggering a stand-off.

22 October 1993:
51 unarmed civilians are killed when BSF men fire on protestors protesting against the continued siege of Hazratbal shrine at Bijbehara in South Kashmir’s Anantnag district.

29 March 1994:
Lt. Gen. E.W. Fernandes and four other senior officers are killed in a bomb explosion at the Badami Bagh Cantonment in Srinagar. The officials were checking the ammunition in the cantonment when the explosion took place.

19 June 1994:
Mirwaiz of South Kashmir, Qazi Nissar Ahmad is killed by militants.

9 May 1995:
The historic Chrar-e-Sharif shrine is gutted after heavy exchange of fire between the militants led by Pakistani (Mast Gul) and the soldiers. The militants take over the area and the military launches an operation. Dozens of houses are destroyed in the gunfight in which a dozen militants and some soldiers are killed. Mast Gul manages to escape.

4 July 1995:
Five foreign tourists Donald Hutchings, Keith Mangan, Paul Wells, Hans Ostro and Dirk Hasert are kidnapped by al Faran from Pahalgam health resort.

16 September 1996:
Amidst boycott of duties by government employees, the assembly election is held in Kashmir. National Conference wins the elections.

25 January 1998:
At least 23 Kashmiri Pandits are gunned down by suspected militants at Vandhama in central Kashmir district of Budgam.

17 April 1998:
At least 26 Hindu villagers are shot dead by militants in Prankote area in the Jammu province.

19 June 1998:
The militants gunned down 25 Hindu villagers at Champnari village in Doda district of Jammu province.

26 May 1999:
Kargil war breaks out.

13 July 1999:
After the end of the Kargil war, the militants launch the first fidayeen (suicide) attack on a BSF camp at Bandipora in North Kashmir. DIG and four BSF men are killed.

3 November 1999:
The suicide squad of Lashkar-e-Toiba attacks the Badami Bagh Cantonment in Srinagar. The defence spokesman and 10 soldiers besides two militants are killed in the gunfight.

27 December 1999:
Militants storm headquarters of Special Operations Group of J&K police at Haft-Chinar, killing a DSP and 11 policemen.

4 January 2000:
13 people are killed in a powerful explosion inside Fruit Mandi, Parimpora, in outskirts of Srinagar.

18 February 2000:
Militants carry out a powerful IED explosion in Tral area of Pulwama district. 10 security personnel are killed and six others injured.

2 March 2000:
35 Sikhs are massacred by unknown gunmen at Chattisinghpora in Anantnag district.

19 April 2000:
The first suicide bombing near the main gate of Badami Bagh. Two soldiers killed.

15 May 2000:

The J&K minister of state for power, Ghulam Hassan Bhat is killed in a powerful landmine explosion in South Kashmir.

26 June 2000:
National Conference-led J&K government passes Autonomy proposal in Assembly.

4 July 2000:
Indian government rejects the Autonomy resolution.

28 July 2000:

Hizbul Mujahideen announces unconditional ceasefire. The ceasefire is called off by the militant group on 8 August 2000.

1 August 2000:
At least 30 Hindu pilgrims on way to perform Amarnath pilgrimage are killed in a militant attack in Pahalgam area in South Kashmir. Another 18 men are gunned down in a village in the same district.

2 August 2000:
The death toll rises to 101.

10 August 2000:
A powerful explosion at Residency Road leaves 11 people, including a photo journalist of Hindustan Times and a police officer dead.

25 December 2000:
The second suicide bombing targeting Army Headquarters at Badami Bagh. Four soldiers and the teenaged bomber are killed.

October 2001:
Militants attack Jammu and Kashmir Assembly in Srinagar with explosives and gunfire. At least 38 persons, mostly civilians are killed.

19 November 2001:
In view of the holy month of Ramadan, government of India announces a one-month unilateral ceasefire in Kashmir.

16 January 2001:
At least 11 persons including five militants of Lashkar-e-Toiba are killed when militants tried to storm the Srinagar airport.

9 February 2001:
The suicide squad of Lashkar-e-Toiba and al Umar storm Police Control Room in Srinagar. At least nine policemen and four militants are killed.

10 May 2001:
Eight Hindu villagers are abducted and killed by militants near Sajan in Jammu province.

23 May 2001:

India calls off the six-month unilateral ceasefire in Kashmir.

17 November 2001:
The militants storm security forces base at Ramban in Doda district. 10 security personnel and four civilians are killed.

14 May 2002:
The militants storm an army camp in Kaluchak area of Jammu killing 34 persons including the soldiers and their family members.

29 May 2002:
Cross-border shelling kills at least 23 people and wounds 17 others in Kashmir.

13 July 2002:
At least 27 Kashmiri Hindus are killed in an attack by militants at Qasimnagar, Jammu.

30 March 2002:
The militants carry out a fidayeen attack on Raghunath Temple. Three soldiers, two militants are among seven killed.

11 September 2002:
The militants ambush the election campaign rally of then state law minister, Mushtaq Ahmad Lone in Kupwara. The minister is killed.

16 September 2002:
First phase of polling for the assembly elections ends. At least nine militants are killed.

8 October 2002:
The election process ends with 44 per cent voter turn-around.

2 November 2002:
The PDP and Congress form the coalition government in the state. Mufti Muhammad Sayeed, patron of People’s Democratic Party, is sworn in as chief minister.

23 March 2003:
Suspected militants shoot dead former chief commander of Hizbul Mujahideen, Abdul Majid Dar. He had been instrumental in a week-long unilateral ceasefire announced by Hizbul Mujahideen in July 2000.

24 March 2003:
At least 24 Kashmiri Pandits are gunned down by suspected militants at Nadimarg in South Kashmir.

26 April 2003:
A group of fidayeen (suicide squad) attacks the local station of All India Radio in Srinagar. Three militants and equal number of soldiers are killed in the ensuing gunfight.

18 April 2003:
Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee offers hand of friendship to Pakistan during a speech in Srinagar. The offer is welcomed by Pakistan and sets the dialogue process rolling between the two countries.

2 May 2003:
India and Pakistan restore diplomatic ties.

22 July 2003:

A suicide squad of militants storms an army camp in Akhnoor, killing a brigadier and eight soldiers. Four top officers are also injured in the attack.

20 August 2003:
Shahnawaz Khan alias Gazi Baba, the chief operations commander of Jaish-e-Mohammad, believed to be the mastermind behind the attack on Indian Parliament, is killed in a gunfight with soldiers at Noorbagh, Srinagar.

13 September 2003:
The father of counter-insurgency Mohammad Yousuf Parray alias Kuka Parray is killed along with his two associates by militants in his hometown Hajan in Baramulla district.

17 October 2003:

The militants launch a fidayeen attack on the official residence of chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayed on Maulana Azad Road. Two militants and two soldiers are killed.

26 November 2003:

India-Pakistan ceasefire along the 1,126-km-long Line of Control and international border in Jammu and Kashmir comes into effect.

8 April, 2004:

Militants attack an election rally of ruling PDP at Uri in Baramulla. 11 persons are killed and 58 injured.

23 May 2004:
19 BSF men, six women and five children are killed in a powerful explosion at Lower Munda near Qazigund on Srinagar-Jammu highway.

28 July 2004:
Militants attempt to storm a CRPF camp on the banks of Dal Lake. Five CRPF men and two militants are killed in the gunfight.

4 September 2004:

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh says his government ready to talk to any militant group in Kashmir, abandoning previous preconditions that the rebels must first disarm.

11 November 2004:

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announces reduction in troops in Kashmir.

17 November 2004:

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh visits Kashmir, marking the start of a partial troop withdrawal.

5 December 2004:

10 CRPF men are killed in a powerful IED explosion at Naina, Batapora village in South Kashmir’s Pulwama district.

6 April 2005:
A day before the commencement of bus service from Srinagar to Muzaffarabad, the suicide squad of militants attack the Tourist Reception Centre. Two militants are killed while seven persons, mostly security personnel, sustain injuries.

7 April 2005:

The Srinagar-Muzaffarabad bus service named ‘Caravan of Peace’ is flagged off by Congress president Sonia Gandhi and chief minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed from Sher-e-Kashmir cricket stadium.

25 February 2006:
1st Round Table Conference on Kashmir is held in New Delhi under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. The Separatists stay away from the conference.

14 April 2006:
Militants carry out series of grenade attacks in Srinagar. At least five persons are killed and 44 others injured in the seven grenade attacks.

30 April 2006:
At least 22 Hindus are killed in the militant attack on Kuland village in Doda district.

21 May 2006:
Two suicide squads of militants attack a Congress rally in Municipal Park in Srinagar, killing three political activists and two policemen minutes before the scheduled arrival of chief minister Ghulam Nabi Azad. IGP (Kashmir), K. Rajendra Kumar is among the 25 injured.

25 May 2006:
Four tourists from Gujarat are killed and six injured when militants attacked their vehicle with grenade at Shalimar in outskirts of Srinagar.

25 May 2006:
2nd Round Table Conference on Kashmir is chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Srinagar. The five Working Groups (WGs) are formed to look into the Centre-State relations.

12 June 2006:
At least nine Nepalese and Bihari labourers are gunned down by suspected militants at Yaripora, Kulgam in South Kashmir.

25 April 2007:
3rd Round Table Conference on Kashmir is held in New Delhi.

June 2008:
The transfer of 800 kanals of forest land to Shri Amarnath Shrine Board (SASB) triggers massive protests in both Jammu and Kashmir which carries on for three months.

21 October 2008:
India and Pakistan open cross-LoC trade between two parts of Kashmir.

24 December 2008:
Assembly elections held in Jammu and Kashmir. Witness 62 per cent turnout.

30 December, 2008:
The former MP and National Conference leader, Omar Abdullah is chosen the new chief minister of the state.

5 January 2009:
Omar Abdullah takes oath as the 11th and youngest chief minister of the state.

21 February 2009:
Two youth are killed allegedly by 22 Rashtryia Rifles personnel at Bomai, Sopore in North Kashmir, triggering Valley-wide protests.

24 March 2009:
Hundreds of Kashmiri mourners attend the funeral of the Indian army soldier Shabir Ahmad Malik at Kangan, in the outskirts of Srinagar. Shabir was killed in a gunfight with militants at Kupwara.

20 April 2009:
Senior Separatist leader Sajad Lone, son of assassinated Hurriyat leader, Abdul Gani Lone switches over to the mainstream politics and unsuccessfully contests the Lok Sabha elections from the Kupwara-Baramulla constituency.

31 May 2009:
The rape and murder of two young women allegedly by policemen trigger massive demonstrations across Kashmir. Four police officials are suspended.


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