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  Red Roulette
  Counter-Maoists operations to be intensified with 2,000 newly-trained BSF personnel and
  seven new helicopters

 Maoists training at an unidentified location in Andhra Pradesh 
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The ‘red corridor’ saw a blood splattered 2011 as Maoist attacks claimed 600 odd lives and left scores of others wounded in some 2,000 incidents of Left Wing Extremist violence, keeping security forces on tenterhooks throughout the year. According to home ministry data available till 30 November 2011, Chhattisgarh accounted for the highest number of 190 deaths, followed by Jharkhand (151), Bihar and Maharashtra (51 each), Odisha (50), and West Bengal (41).

Out of the total casualties, civilians accounted for 415 deaths and security personnel 127. Among the civilians were 199 ‘police informers’. Law enforcement agencies arrested over 1,800 Maoists and recovered 585 arms. As many as 364 Maoists surrendered till November.
 
There were 234 incidents in which ultras targeted industries, railways, telephone exchange towers, power plants, mines, panchayat bhawans and school buildings among others. Of these, basic transport infrastructure like roads bore the brunt with 125 strikes, followed by 34 attacks on telephone exchanges and towers, 26 on railways properties, 22 school buildings and 12 on economic and development
 
 
 infrastructure including mines and pipe lines. Though the quantum of violence in 2011 has declined in comparison to the previous year, a senior home ministry official said, “It is the belief of the government of India that a combination of calibrated police action, focussed development efforts and improvements in governance will yield the desired results against Left Wing Extremists.” Police and public order being state subjects, action with respect to maintenance of law and order lies primarily in the domain of the state governments concerned and there is no proposal for army deployment in the Left Wing Extremism-affected areas, Union minister of state for home Jitendra Singh said in the Rajya Sabha.

However, alarmed by the sudden spurt in Maoist violence in Bihar and Jharkhand, the security establishment in the North Block has asked all Maoist-affected states to beef up security and deploy additional forces in sensitive locations. The home ministry has advised Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra to intensify security in railway stations, bus terminus, roads, bridges and other public places as the Maoists were planning to target them with explosives as a mark of protest after the killing of their leader Koteshwar Rao alias Kishenji.

The states and the ministry of railways have been asked to deploy additional forces and intensify vigil along railway tracks to avoid any sabotage attempts by the Maoists. The Centre has advised the security forces to take maximum precaution while travelling and going on any offensive against the Maoists as intelligence inputs suggest that the extremists may try to attack them with bombs followed by gun fire.
 
 
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