8 December 1989:
First major militancy-related incident in Kashmir. Rubaiya Sayeed, the daughter
of then Union home minister, Mufti Mohammad Sayeed is abducted by JKLF militants
in Srinagar. They demand release of their jailed colleagues. On December 13,
Rubaiya is released in exchange of five JKLF militants.
20 January 1990:
At least 20 persons are killed in the firing on protestors at Gawa-Kadal in the
heart of Srinagar, triggering massive demonstrations and marches towards the
United Nations Military observers Group in Srinagar.
13 February 1998:
Lassa Koul, director, Door Darshan is killed in Srinagar.
28 February 1990:
Soldiers fire on marchers at Zakoora and Tengpora in Srinagar.
2 March 1990:
Soldiers again open fire on peaceful marches in Srinagar, killing over two dozen
6 April 1990:
H.L. Khera, general manager of Hindustan Machine Tools, and Mushir-ul-Haq,
Vice-Chancellor of Kashmir University are abducted in Srinagar and killed by
their abductors four days later.
21 May 1990:
Mirwaiz Maulvi Farooq, Imam of historic Jamia Masjid and a noted religious and
political leader of Kashmir is assassinated by militants.
Jammu and Kashmir Disturbed Areas Act passed.
27 February 1991:
Nahida Imtiaz, daughter of Saifuddin Soz, then a senior NC leader is abducted by
militants. She is set free on April 8 in exchange for a militant.
31 March 1991:
Two Swedish engineers employed with Uri Hydel Project are abducted by militants.
11 June 1991:
At least 32 persons are killed in CRPF firing on marchers at Chota-Bazar in
28 June 1991:
K. Doraiswamy, a senior executive with the Indian Oil Corporation is abducted
and released on August 20, in exchange of four militants.
6 January 1993:
Massacre in Sopore. At least 55 civilians are killed.
10 April 1993:
After a gunfight between militants and soldiers, the Lal Chowk is burnt.
15 October 1993:
Hazratbal mosque is besieged by militants and surrounded by security forces,
triggering a stand-off.
22 October 1993:
51 unarmed civilians are killed when BSF men fire on protestors protesting
against the continued siege of Hazratbal shrine at Bijbehara in South Kashmir’s
29 March 1994:
Lt. Gen. E.W. Fernandes and four other senior officers are killed in a bomb
explosion at the Badami Bagh Cantonment in Srinagar. The officials were checking
the ammunition in the cantonment when the explosion took place.
19 June 1994:
Mirwaiz of South Kashmir, Qazi Nissar Ahmad is killed by militants.